Deep-Sea Fishing

Deep-sea fishing or offshore fishing involves fishing out in the open ocean. If you're on a quest for a 500-pound Bluefin tuna or a thousand pound blue Marlin, a deep-sea fishing trip provides a real adrenaline rush. It is best suited for intermediate or advanced anglers if you plan to go without a charter guide (see Fishing Guides and Charters). If you welcome the challenge, venture out into the deep blue sea.

Due to a number of deep-sea game fish species and fishing techniques there are many different types of fishing tackle and gear (see Saltwater Fishing Gear). Deep-sea fishing may involve trolling with artificial fishing lures or live baits, jigging with lures her bottom fishing with Bates (see Offshore Fishing). If you are deep-sea trolling for selfish here is some of the following tackling gear you may need: a 6 to 7 foot medium action offshore fishing rod, a heavy saltwater bait caster reel with Highline capacity, 20 pound test monofilament line, 6 to 10 foot of 40 to 80 pound test monofilament leader, live bait such as goggle eyes, 5/0 to7/0 sized hooks.

If you prefer deep-sea bottom fishing for grouper here are some examples of tackle you can use: a 6 foot medium heavy bottom fishing rod, heavy-duty like bait caster reel, 50 pound test monofilament line, 8200 pound test monofilament leader line, fish finder rig using a 7/0 circle hook and 3 to 16 ounce sinkers, cut bait such as squid.A Thousand Pound Blue Marlin - Texas Gulf Coast Fishing

Once you have the necessary tackle you will look for areas and you may need a fish finder, GPS or a nautical map. Rocks reefs and wrecks are great places to look professional. They provide structure and a haven for all kinds of fish.

Man-made structures including towers and navigational aids are also valuable to both fish and anglers but for different reasons. Some species seek refuge deep beneath structures while others paroled the perimeter. Using a fish finder or recreational sonar will be helpful.

Submerged mountain ranges and health divert the current and create ideal spots for offshore fishing. Always look for variations in the surface conditions such as ripples, rips or tied lines that may indicate changes in water temperature. Tackle for fishing seamounts is usually natural or artificial bait (see Fishing Accessories).

Deep canyons, gorges and cliffs that mark a continental shelf are good places to look for fish. The variation in structure and current and temperature make these waters nutrient rich for giants such as grouper, snapper, and halibut. The best deep-sea fishing techniques involved trolling natural or artificial baits.

Kelp forests occur in temperate and polar coastal oceans but are most commonly found along the California coastline. These underwater forests grow brown macro algae can produce one of the most dynamic ecosystems on the planet. This creates a large habitat for large fish to hide and seek shelter as they ambush their prey.

Fishing in the open ocean is an endeavor that usually only competent and experienced anglers should attempt. The easiest way for an angler to get this experience is to book a fishing charter. Make sure you ask plenty of questions before booking. Ask about the length of the trip, what species you will be targeting, how many people can the boat hold, is the trip private? Make sure you clarify what the boats policy is on the fish you catch.

In the open ocean there is very little structure. Therefore many game fish congregate around underwater areas of relief or shelter. They will typically look for a rocky seafloor so the best method for fishing these areas include deep dropping and jigging.

In coastal areas the ocean bottom may have sections of rock, coral or debris. Fish live at all depths and coastal water but many stay close to the bottom. Marine fish migrate up and down the coastline seasonally. Smart anglers monitor water temperatures, winds, currents, seasons and ties to determine what species they will target.